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Object Description
Title/Object Name
Ob: D(ominus) N(oster) VALENTINI-ANVS P(ius) F(elix) AVG(ustus) [Our Lord, Valentinian, Pious and Fortunate Augustus] | Re: RESTITVTOR REI PVBLICAE [Restorer of the Republic]
4th century
364 - 375 CE
Portfolio / Series Title
House of Constantine and House of Valentinian
Diameter, 0.8661 In, 2.2 Cm
Weight, 0.0099 Pounds, 4.47 Grams
Valentinian I Ob: Valentinian right, pearl diadem, draped and cuirassed. Re: Valentinian forward, head right, holding labarum (standard with cross) and Victory on a globe. Mint Mark in exergue: S(acra)M(oneta)N(icomediae)ε [Imperial mint of Nicomedia, workshop 5]
Credit Line
Gift of Wilton Jaffee to the University of Colorado Classics Department (2003), Transfer, CU Art Museum, University of Colorado Boulder
Valentinian I came to power in 364 CE, and one month later named his brother Valens as his co-Augustus. In this arrangement, Valentinian held control of the West while Valens ruled over the eastern provinces. Valentinian fought successfully against the Alamanni, Quadi, and Sarmatians and because of his military accomplishments is often hailed as the last great western emperor. The vexillum he holds on the reverse of this coin is a Roman military ensign, or cavalry standard. It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers who paid it divine honors. Constantine the Great converted this banner into a Christian symbol using the monogram ☧ (a Greek chi and rho, the first two letters of "Christ" in Greek) seen here. The message of "restoration" was important early in Valentinian's reign because of his need to restabilize the empire after a major setback for Roman forces in Persia under Julian. Christina Dickerson 2011.
Object ID
RIC IX, 250, no. 2(a)



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