When Augustus began making plans for his legacy, he intended his grandsons Gaius and Lucius Caesar to succeed him. However, both boys died young, and he was forced to turn to his stepson, Tiberius, as an alternate. Tiberius’ mother and father had been made to divorce upon Octavian (later Augustus) catching sight of the beautiful (and then pregnant) Livia. They were quickly married, and Tiberius and his brother were taken into their biological father’s home. Tiberius had remained on the periphery of the Augustan family for many years, and while he had brilliant military exploits before becoming Princeps, he also had retreated to the Aegean island of Rhodes for nearly a decade before becoming emperor. As a result of these decades of absence from Rome, he was an outsider to the politicians and people there. Livia’s second marriage was childless, and she is rumored to have devised Tiberius’ elevation to heir. With no other clear option, Augustus adopted Tiberius and made the people of Rome swear loyalty to his family. The female figure on the reverse of this aureus is debated to be Livia as Pax, or Pax Iustita, or perhaps simply Livia as the priestess of the cult of Augustus. This very generic type of coin – both the legends and images – are not very informative, but proliferate under the reign of Tiberius. Significantly, while there is almost no innovation, as a result they strongly convey a constancy with the reign of Augustus, which Tiberius strove for throughout his own rule. KHK 2015.