Antoninus Pius is noted for having a very peaceful reign. Very few significant changes were made during his rule, but the lack of dramatic events was remarkable in itself. This permitted a greater focus on more “domestic” issues: the family, and particularly the imperial dynasty. Antoninus Pius’ coinage emphasizes different messages depending on the value and metal of the coin, which might indicate that these were tailored to the class of the population most likely to handle the particular coins. For instance, this aureus – which would have been handled primarily by the elite -- was among the most common of the gold types, and highlights the piety of the emperor, which became associated with his family. The standing female figure probably references his daughter Faustina the Younger and her children. This promotion of the imperial family further encouraged citizens to follow their example and increase the population of Rome – a serious concern at the time. KHK.